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Learn How To Use Your First DSLR (Beginner’s Guideline)

There is a false notion among the knobs that as soon as they get DSLR they are able to take good photos.  But having a good DSLR never give e good photos, if you don't have some basic idea about your DSLR you never be a good performer in photography.After buying the first DSLR many knobs start taking p[hotos in auto mode. Maybe this option will help you to take good photos in short term, not for the long term.Taking perfect photos with your DSLR is not tough if you know some basic technique. Here I share some basic technique to take good photos using your very first DSLR. So grab a notepad to note the basic thins what you should know about your DSLR. Steps Learning How To Use You First DSLR for taking

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    Have Your Camera To Hand
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    Read Your Camera's Manual
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    Understanding ISO,Aperture & Shutter Speed
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    Select Shooting Mode
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    Know Metering Mode
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    Learn About Focusing
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    Understanding File Size
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    Learn About White Balance
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    Learn about Your Camera Lens

Have Your Camera To Hand

knobs are very much unconscious to bear the camera all the time with him. Moments of photos never give you message before come. So if you hold your camera all the time with you it may increase the chance of taking good moments. Street photographers never leave their camera in the home. But as a novice, you should follow this rules.


Read Your Camera's Manual

It sounds boring to read the camera's manual. But honestly speaking which I want to explain in this article you may learn lots of thing in camera's manual. So if you already read it but it may help you to understand the technical thing very easily.


Understanding ISO,Aperture & Shutter Speed

This three know as exposure triangle in photographic language. You should have a sound knowledge about this exposure triangle.

ISO is sensitive to camera light. ISO set on  How much light camera take from the outside. In Low light ISO should value should increase. In daylight ISO values set up not more than 200. Keep in mind that higher value of ISO increases the noise in photos.

Aperture is the function of the lens. The hole of the lens is known as aperture. The aperture is the size of the opening in the lens through which light is allowed to pass whenever the shutter is opened – the larger the aperture, the more light passes through.  The area of the hole increases as the f-stop decreases and the area of the hole decreases as the f-stop increase. So f/1.4 is, in fact, a much larger aperture than f/16. Basically, the aperture is a function of the lens, not the camera itself but we control lens aperture through the camera.


Shutter Speed is like the window of the camera. It completely a part of the camera body. Shutter speed means exposure time. Exposure time stands the length of time a camera shutter is open to expose the light in camera sensor. Fast shutter speed can freeze the motion and slow shutter speed can create a motion blur.

Shutter speed is measured in seconds or most cases it can measure in a fraction of seconds. For example, 1/4 is a quarter of seconds, 1/2000 means one two thousands of seconds. Most modern DSLRs can handle shutter speeds of up to 1/4000th of a second, while some can handle much higher speeds of 1/8000th of a second and faster. On the other hand, the longer side of the shutter speed of most DSLR is 30 seconds.

Select Shooting Mode

Don’t worry if your mode dial looks a little different; different manufacturers use different abbreviations for the shooting modes.  Your mode dial may have the letters ‘A, S, P, M’ (instead of Av, Tv, P, M).

Aperture Priority (AV) mode is known as Semi automatic shooting mode. When you set AV/A mode in your camera then you just set the aperture and camera will automatically set the shutter speed.

Shutter Priority Mode SV/S is similarly known semi-automatic shooting mode. In this mode, you just set the shutter speed and the camera will automatically set up aperture value.

Manual Mode(M) basically used by professional photographers. In this mode, you have a beautiful idea about Exposure Triangle of the camera. You already know exposure triangle is the combination of ISO, Shutter Speed & Aperture. So in this mode, you have to set up the aperture, ISO & shutter Speed in manually. So if you don't have enough idea about the use of exposure triangle than you cant fixed it perfectly. If you perfectly take photos in manually then you clam yourself as a semi photographers.


Know Metering Mode

We already know that exposure triangle depends on the amount of available light comes in cameras sensor.So how to set up the exposure triangle and how do you w it's perfect to click a perfect photo?Metering is how your camera determine what the correct shutter and aperture should be, depending on the light that goes into the camera sensor. Today, every DSLR has an integrated light meter that automatically measures the reflected light and determines the optimal exposure. The most common metering modes in digital cameras today are:

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    Matrix Metering
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    Central Weighted Metering
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    Spot Metering

Some Canon EOS DSLR have partial metering which is like spot metering. You can see the camera meter in action when you shoot in Manual Mode – look inside the viewfinder and you will see bars going left or right, with a zero in the middle, as illustrated below.


If you focus a bright subject the bar will get + and if you focus a dark subject bar will go to - side. If the bar is in middle of the graph I mean 0 then you camera sensor get the perfect light to take the elective subject. So you can take photos in Aperture Priority, Manual Mode or Shutter Priority mode but make sure that your metering is perfectly set up.

Learn About Focusing

Focusing is nothing special to learn but if the subject is not perfectly focused than you photo will be lost beauty.  Every DSLR lens has autofocus mode. So you no need to worry about it. But sometimes photographers hate to click in manual focus mode.In autofocus mode, there is two option. One is AF-C and another is AF-S.AF-C is used for taking photos of action or moving subject.

AF-S used when taking photos of a stationary subject like Portrait, or landscape.you should see a number of squares/dots overlaid across the screen. This dots are known as a focus point. So in different DSLR has different option to focus the specific point of the subject.

Understanding File Size

File size is basically the option of the memory card of your DSLR. Mainly DSLR's photos take long file size. So if you want to take huge photos in a single memory you should know the file size option of your DSLR. You will also have the option of choosing whether to record the images as ‘raw’ or ‘jpeg’ file type. The raw file takes larger memory than jpeg file. As a beginners jpeg file size option is much more suitable than a RAW file

Learn About White Balance

Most of the novice photographer don't know the use of white balance. The actual color of the image depends on the perfect white balance setup.  Auto, Daylight, Shade, Cloudy, Tungsten Light etc are the mode of white balance. If you don't have the brought idea of white balance than you should take photos in auto mode. But color tempo is manual option to set up white balance. In daylight photography, you should set this in  5200-5400k.

Learn about Your Camera Lens

without a lens you cant take photos. So you have to know which lens is used for what purpose. Generally, people use a prime lens for portrait photography. Wide angle lens is very much use full for landscape photography. So if you know your interest of work than we know which lens is you need to buy.


Over To You

Play with your camera. Think that camera is your best friend till learning the taking good photos. Spend your valuable time with your camera. Hope one day you will be a great photographer. Keep clicking.

Sharif Mishu
 

Hi, I am Sharif Mishu from Bangladesh. I am a freelance photographer. I've been in photography since 2010. I got my first DSLR in 2013. Since then I learned many things about photography from my friends, senior, and junior. But the internet was the place that taught me the basics of photography. Here at PicFact.com, I'll be sharing useful photography tips.

zakaria abu hasnine - November 9, 2017

very informative i must say!

    Sharif Mishu - November 15, 2017

    Thank you

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